MCQ on Arrival of Portuguese in India

1. Who led the transformational campaigns in India for the Portuguese?
(a) Christopher Columbus
(b) Ferdinand Magellan
(c) Vasco da Gama
(d) Francisco de Almeida

Answer
           C

2. Which port of India did Vasco da Gama reach in 1498?
(a) Mumbai
(b) Calicut
(c) Goa
(d) Chennai

Answer
           B

3. What marked the beginning of a transformational period in the trade history of India for the Portuguese?
(a) Discovery of new sea route
(b) Defeat in the war of Chola
(c) Establishment of trading posts in Goa
(d) Arrival of Dutch companies

Answer
           A

4. Who became the first Viceroy of Portugal in India in 1505?
(a) Vasco da Gama
(b) Francisco de Almeida
(c) Alfonso de Albuquerque
(d) Nino de Cunha

Answer
           B

5. What was Francisco de Almeida’s strategic approach in India called?
(a) Red Sea Policy
(b) Green Ocean Strategy
(c) Blue Water Policy
(d) Yellow River Theory

Answer
           C

6. Which Viceroy is considered to be the true architect of Portuguese power in India?
(a) Vasco da Gama
(b) Francisco de Almeida
(c) Alfonso de Albuquerque
(d) Nino de Cunha

Answer
           C

7. Which city was established by Albuquerque as the Portuguese headquarters in India?
(a) Mumbai
(b) Calicut
(c) Cochin
(d) Goa

Answer
           D

8. What was one of Albuquerque’s policies for population upliftment in Goa?
(a) Encouraging Portuguese-Dutch marriages
(b) Encouraging Portuguese-Indian marriages
(c) Ban on marriage in Goa
(d) To promote Dutch culture in Goa.

Answer
           B

9. Who became the first Portuguese governor to establish Goa as the formal capital in 1530?
(a) Vasco da Gama
(b) Francisco de Almeida
(c) Alfonso de Albuquerque
(d) Nino de Cunha

Answer
           D

10. Which port was important for Portuguese trade with Asian countries?
(a) Goa
(b) Calicut
(c) Nagapattinam
(d) Cochin

Answer
           C

11. What system did the Portuguese implement for trade convoys in the Indian Ocean?
(a) Camel caravan system
(b) Caravel Convoy System
(c) Caravan-Armada Convoy System
(d) Ocean Caravan System

Answer
           C

12. What did the Portuguese control in the Indian Ocean to regulate trade routes?
(a) Import and export of spices
(b) Caravan route
(c) Weather pattern of Arabian Sea
(d) import and export routes

Answer
           D

13. Who had to take Portuguese protection to enter the Arabian Sea?
(a) Dutch merchant
(b) Mughal emperor Akbar
(c) Arab traders
(d) English explorers

Answer
           B

14. What contribution did the Portuguese make to the cultural and economic development in India?
(a) Tea cultivation
(b) Coffee production
(c) Tobacco cultivation
(d) Cotton weaving

Answer
           C

15. Where was the first printing press established by the Portuguese in India?
(a) Calicut
(b) Mumbai
(c) Goa
(d) Chennai

Answer
           C

16. What contribution did the Portuguese make to architecture in India?
(a) Gothic tracery
(b) Roman Column
(c) Islamic dome
(d) Greek temple

Answer
           A

17. What factors contributed to the decline of Portuguese influence in Indian trade by the 18th century?
(a) Military victory and effective leadership
(b) Religious tolerance and effective leadership
c) Religious intolerance, theft, and ineffective leadership
d) Political stability and economic prosperity

Answer
           C

18. Who were the main opponents of Portuguese influence in the 18th century?
(a) Spanish and Dutch powers
(b) Dutch and English powers
(c) Mughal and Vijayanagara Empires
(d) English and French powers

Answer
           B

19. Which event contributed to Portugal losing its independence from Spain?
(a) Chola war
(b) Treaty of Tordesillas
(c) Battle of Goa
(d) Treaty of Malacca

Answer
           B

20. Who was the first priest to come to India, marking Portuguese involvement in Indian politics?
(a) Vasco da Gama
(b) Francisco de Almeida
(c) Alfonso de Albuquerque
(d) Francisco Xabier

Answer
           D

21. What became Goa under the rule of Nino de Cunha in 1530?
(a) Business center
(b) Religious capital
(c) Formal capital
(d) Military fort

Answer
           C

22. In which area did the Portuguese settlements expand during the period of Nino de Cunha?
(a) Malacca
(b) Repression
(c) Cochin
(d) Hooghly

Answer
           B

23. What did the Portuguese have to face despite being the first European power to establish themselves in India?
(a) Economic prosperity
(b) Religious tolerance
(c) Merchant failure
(d) Effective leadership

Answer
           C

24. In which century did Portuguese influence decline in Indian trade?
(a) 16th century
(b) 17th century
(c) 18th century
(d) 19th century

Answer
           C

25. What was one result of the decline of Portuguese influence in India?
(a) Economic prosperity
(b) Cultural revival
(c) Political stability
(d) Social change

Answer
           C